Saturday, September 12, 2009

Norman Borlaug (1914 - 2009), the Father of The Green Revolution, Died

Norman Ernest Borlaug was an American agronomist, humanitarian, and Nobel laureate, and has been called the father of the Green Revolution.
During the mid-20th century, Borlaug led the introduction of these high-yielding varieties combined with modern agricultural production techniques to Mexico, Pakistan, India and Africa. As a result, Mexico became a net exporter of wheat by 1963. Between 1965 and 1970, wheat yields nearly doubled in Pakistan and India, greatly improving the food security in those nations. These collective increases in yield have been labeled the Green Revolution, and Borlaug is often credited with saving over a billion people from starvation. He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1970 in recognition of his contributions to world peace through increasing food supply.
Borlaug continually advocated the use biotechnology to decrease world famine.

- Wikipedia

Science Fair Project Information
Title: Expression patterns of low temperature-induced genes in winter and spring wheat
Subject: Plant Genetics
Grade level: High School Grades 10-12
Academic Level: Advanced
Project Type: Experimental
Cost: High
Awards: 2nd place, Canada Wide Virtual Science Fair (2006)
Affiliation: Canada Wide Virtual Science Fair (VSF)
Year: 2006
Description: Seeds from two wheat varieties were germinated for 15 days and exposed to 4 degrees Celcius for different periods of time. Leaves were harvested and RNA was extracted. From the extracted Ribonucleic acid (RNA), copy-Deoxyribonucleic acid (cDNA) was synthesized to use in Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) to measure expression of cold-induced genes. The Real-Time PCR data was then used to calculate the relative expression of the genes.


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