Tuesday, November 3, 2009

The Dog Laika Is Launched Into Space - November 3, 1957

The Soviet Union launched Sputnik 2, which carried the dog Laika, the first living creature to be shot into space and orbit the Earth. Sputnik 2 was not designed to be retrievable, and Laika died a few hours after launch, presumably from stress and overheating, probably due to a malfunction in the thermal control system. However, the experiment proved that a living passenger could survive being launched into orbit and endure weightlessness. It paved the way for human spaceflight and provided scientists with some of the first data on how living organisms react to spaceflight environments. On April 11, 2008, Russian officials unveiled a monument to Laika. A small monument in her honor was built near the military research facility in Moscow which prepared Laika's flight to space. It features a dog standing on top of a rocket.

- Wikipedia

Science Fair Project Information
Title: Which planet in our solar system (other than the Earth) has the safest environment for humans to live on?
Subject: Astronomy / Space Exploration
Grade level: Elementary School Grades 4-6
Academic Level: Ordinary
Project Type: Descriptive
Cost: Low
Awards: 1st place, Canada Wide Virtual Science Fair (2008)
Affiliation: Canada Wide Virtual Science Fair (VSF)
Year: 2008
Description: This project explores the environmental, weather, temperature and atmosphere conditions on the planets Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune and their suitability for sustaining life.
Link: http://www.odec.ca/projects/2008/foge8m2/

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